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A Feasibility Study on Dried Musa Acuminate Peels as a Potential Subsitute for Commercialized Charcoals

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A Feasibility Study on Dried Musa acuminate (Banana)

Peels as a Potential Substitute for

Commercialized Charcoals

In Partial Fulfillment

of the Requirements in General Science

Amiel Martin Ching

Takashi Iwazaki

Marloui Mitch Arangoso

Proponents

I - Charity

Stella Maris Academy of Davao

January 24, 2011

Mr. Peter Paul Torniado Sigue

General Science Teacher

Table of Contents

Title Pages

Title i

Table of Contents ii

CHAPTER 1- INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study 1

1.2 Statement of the Problem 3

1.3 Significance of the Study 3

1.4 Scope and Limitations 5

1.5 Conceptual Framework 5

1.6 Definition of Terms 5

CHAPTER 2 - LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Phytophthora infestans 6

2.2 Polymnia sonchifolia 8

2.3 Related Study 10

CHAPTER 3 - METHODOLOGY

3.1 Research Design 12

3.1.1 Plant Collection 14

3.2 Plant Extraction 14

3.3 Preparation of test Organisms 15

3.3.1 Culture and Subculture 15

3.3.2 Microscopic Identification 15

3.4 The Assay Proper: Paper Disc Diffusion Method 15

3.4.1 Potato Dextrose Preparation 16

3.4.2 Agar Overlay Technique 16

3.4.3 Incubation 16

3.5 Reading the Assay Plate and Documenting the results 16

3.6 Cleaning up of Microbiological Waste 17

3.7 Statistical Treatment 17

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

This science investigatory project is a great opportunity for us students to show our potential in conducting experiments, making predictions and having conclusions. However, this opportunity would not be possible without the aid of the people who supported us in this activity. First of all, the proponents would like to thank the Almighty and Ever Loving Father who helped and guided the proponents throughout this activity. For it is because of the knowledge that He granted upon them that the proponents successfully made this study.

Secondly, the group would also like to thank Sir Peter Paul Sigue, who supported and encouraged the group to have the determination to do study by giving the group the right information and helping them accomplish this project. For without his help, the group could have done several mistakes in making the paper of this project.

Lastly, the group would like to thank the parents of the members who extended their patience and sacrificed their time just to have their children have a good and successful project. For without their consideration, this research would have not been possible.

ABSTRACT

Banana is one of the most abundant crops in the country. For a fact, according to FIAN International (2009), it is the Philippines' second most abundant export crop and occupying 5,000 hectares of land in Davao City. According to Pilipino Banana Growers and Exporters Association (2010), 60,000 hectares of land in Mindanao are purely for the growth and production of bananas. Finally, according to the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (2011), there is already 449,442.89 hectares of banana plantations in the whole Philippines. This means that there is an overwhelming economical development because of these bananas including those big and small entrepreneurs whose commercial products are relying on the fruit itself just like banana chips, candies, and even the simple banana-q outlets where we can find almost anywhere.

However, with the flight also of the climate change issues, people nowadays are called to do actions or movements that will combat the skyrocketing garbage due to improperly thrown banana peels and residues. Thus, there is an alarming need for ways wherein we can help both the economy and environment boost together without impacting harmful effects on each other. That is, making something out of the wastes that bananas are producing.

This research study, therefore, aims to produce a product out of banana peels and that is, charcoals. Through this study, there is a chance to reduce the garbage caused by improperly thrown banana peels. Also, it helps other people to have a business on making charcoals from the useless banana peels, thus, providing opportunities even to the lower class of people.

Chapter 1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

Bananas

...

...

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